Facilities that conduct geologic sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO2) must report basic information on the amount of CO2 received for injection; develop and implement an EPA-approved monitoring, reporting, and verification (MRV) plan; and report the amount of CO2 sequestered using a mass balance approach and annual monitoring activities.
Major elements of the MRV Plan include:
- Delineation of the monitoring areas
- Identification of potential surface leakage pathways for CO2
- Strategy for detecting and quantifying surface leakage of CO2
- Strategy for establishing the expected baseline for monitoring CO2 surface leakage
- Site-specific variables
Once the facility has an approved MRV Plan, data that are required to be reported annually include:
- Amount of CO2 received, data used to calculate the amount, and the source of the received CO2 (if known)
- Mass balance equation inputs (amounts of CO2 injected, CO2 produced, CO2 emitted by surface leakage, CO2 emitted from equipment leaks and vented CO2 emissions) and the amount of CO2 sequestered
- An annual monitoring report (including a narrative history of the monitoring efforts conducted over the previous calendar year, a description of any changes to the monitoring program, a narrative history of any monitoring anomalies, and a description of any surface leakage of CO2)
These data should be reported using the Subpart RR reporting module of e-GGRT.
For further detail on reporting Subpart RR data in e-GGRT, you should review the Subpart RR RY16 Webinar.
Please contact the GHGRP Help Desk if you have questions which are not addressed by the above training content.